Taxonomy – Organisms

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This is coastal plankton
Unlike the open sea zooplankton with numerous pelagic species (holoplankton), the coastal zooplankton is rich in meroplankton (pelagic states of benthic species) as well as in benthic species that can transiently be in the water column.

Radiozoa Foraminifera Ciliophora Myzozoa
Porifera Cnidaria Ctnophora Xenacoelomorpha Platyhelminthes Annelida Mollusca Rotifera Nemertea Chaetognatha Bryozoa Phoronida Crustacea Echinodermata Hemichordata Chordata

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MarinePlankton.net

 

List of photographed specimens

Morphotype Phylum / Subphylum
Acanthometra pellucida Müller, 1858 Radiozoa
Acartia (Acartiura) clausi Giesbrecht, 1889. Specimen 1 Artropoda/Crustacea
Acartia (Acartiura) clausi Giesbrecht, 1889. Specimen 2 Artropoda/Crustacea
Acoelomorph. Morphotype I Xenacoelomorpha
Acoelomorph. Morphotype II Xenacoelomorpha
Acoelomorph. Morphotype II Xenacoelomorpha
Actinotroca sabatieri (Roule, 1899). Specimen 1 Phoronida
Actinotroca sabatieri (Roule, 1899). Specimen 2 Phoronida
Actinotroca sabatieri (Roule, 1899). Specimen 3 Phoronida
Actinotroca sabatieri (Roule, 1899). Specimen 3 Phoronida
Actinotrocha hippocrepia (Wright, 1856). Specimen 2 Phoronida
Actinotrocha hippocrepia (Wright, 1856). Specimen 3 Phoronida
Actinotrocha hippocrepia. Specimen 1 Phoronida
Actinotrocha. Early stage Morphotype I Phoronida
Actinula larva Cnidaria
Actinula larva. Morphotype I Cnidaria
Actinula larva. Morphotype II Cnidaria
Actinula-like larva. Specimen 1 Cnidaria
Actinula-like larva. Specimen 2 Cnidaria
Alaurina Busch, 1851 Platyhelminthes
Alteutha interrupta (Goodsir, 1845). Specimen 2 Artropoda/Crustacea
Alteutha interrupta (Goodsir, 1845). Specimen I Artropoda / Crustacea
Amphiascus cinctus (Claus, 1866) Artropoda / Crustacea
Amphibelone anomala (Haeckel, 1860) Radiozoa
Amphinema dinema (Péron & Lesueur, 1810). Juvenil stage Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 1 Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 2 Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 3 Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 4 Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 5 Cnidaria
Anthozoan planula. Specimen 6 Cnidaria
Antipathula larva -early stage- Cnidaria
Antiphatula larva. Morphotype II Cnidaria
Asellopsis hispida Brady & Robertson D., 1873 Artropoda / Crustacea
Athorybia larva of Agalma elegans (Sars, 1846) Cnidaria
Aulophora II. Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766). Specimen 1 Annelida
Bipinnaria -early stage- Echinodermata
Bipinnaria -late stage- Echinodermata
Bolivina sp. Foraminifera
Brachiolaria larva of starfish Echinodermata
Brania pusilla (Dujardin, 1851) Annelida
Centropages chierchiae Giesbrecht, 1889 Artropoda/Crustacea
Centropages typicus Kroyer, 1849 Artropoda / Crustacea
Cercaria larva of Opechona sp. Specimen 1 Platyhelminthes
Cercaria larva of Opechona sp. Specimen 2 Platyhelminthes
Chiton egg -blastulation-. Specimen 4 Mollusca
Chiton egg -morula-. Specimen 3 Mollusca
Chiton egg. Specimen 1 Mollusca
Chiton egg. Specimen 2 Mollusca
Ciliate on a cyclopoid copepod Ciliophora
Climacocylis scalaroides Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 Ciliophora
Codonellidae sp. Morphotype I Ciliophora
Codonium sp. Cnidaria
Coleps pulcher Spiegel, 1926 Ciliophora
Condylostoma arenarium Spiegel, 1926 Ciliophora
Condylostoma arenarium Spiegel, 1926. Specimen 2 Ciliophora
Copepodid of a monstrilloid copepod. Specimen 1. g. Cymbasoma Artropoda / Crustacea
Copepodid of a monstrilloid copepod. Specimen 2 Artropoda/Crustacea
Coronate Larva of Scrupocellaria sp. Specimen 1 Bryozoa
Coronate larva of Scrupocellaria. Specimen 2 Bryozoa
Corynidae sp. Cnidaria
Cryptoniscus, larval stage of epicaridean isopods. Morphotype I Artropoda / Crustacea
Cryptoniscus, larval stage of epicaridean isopods. Morphotype II Artropoda / Crustacea
Cydippid larva of Pleurobrachia pileus (O. F. Müller, 1776). Specimen 1 Ctenophora
Cymbasoma thompsonii (Giesbrecht, 1893). Female. Specimen 1 Artropoda / Crustacea
Cymbasoma thompsonii (Giesbrecht, 1893). Female. Specimen 2 Artropoda / Crustacea
Cymbasoma thompsonii (Giesbrecht, 1893). Female. Specimen 3 Artropoda/Crustacea
Cymbasoma thompsonii (Giesbrecht, 1893). Male Artropoda / Crustacea
Cymbulia sp. without shell Mollusca
Cyphonautes of Electra pilosa Briozoa
Cyphonautes of Membranipora membranacea Bryozoa
Cypris larva of Semibalanus balanoides (Linnaeus, 1767) Artropoda / Crustacea
Cyttarocylis ampulla Bachy et al., 2012 Ciliophora
Dadayiella ganymedes (Entz, 1884) Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 Ciliophora
Development of Chaetopteridae Annelida
Diophrys sp. Ciliophora
Discorbina globularis Karrer, 1877 Foraminifera
Ditrichocorycaeus andrewsi (Farran, 1911). Female Artropoda / Crustacea
Ditrichocorycaeus andrewsi (Farran, 1911). Male Artropoda / Crustacea
Doliolaria larva -Holothuroidea- Echinodermata
Early gastrulation -sea urchin- Echinodermata
Early metatrochophore larva of a capitellid worm. Morphotype I Annelida
Early metatrochophore larva of a capitellid worm. Morphotype II Annelida
Early metatrochophore larva of a capitellid worm. Morphotype III Annelida
Early metatrochophore larva of a capitellid worm. Morphotype IV Annelida
Echinopluteus larva of Echinocardium cordatum. Specimen 1 Echinodermata
Echinopluteus larva of Echinocardium cordatum. Specimen 2 Echinodermata
Echinopluteus larva of Echinocardium cordatum. Specimen 3 Echinodermata
Echinopluteus larva of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776). Specimen 1 Echinodermata
Echinopluteus of Gracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) Echinodermata
Echinopluteus of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776). Specimen 2 Echinodermata
Egg of Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 2 Chordata
Egg spionid polychaete. Specimen 2 Annelida
Egg spionid polychaete. Specimen I Annelida
Eggs of Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 1 Chordata
Eggsac of a copepod Artropoda / Crustacea
Ephyra of Cyanea sp. Cnidaria
Epiclintes auricularis (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Stein, 1864 Ciliophora
Eucodonium brownei Hartlaub, 1907 Cnidaria
Euterpina acutifrons (Dana, 1847) with Microcystis sp. Artropoda/Crustacea
Euterpina acutifrons (Dana, 1847). Specimen 2 Artropoda / Crustacea
Euterpina acutifrons (Dana, 1847). Specimen I Artropoda / Crustacea
Eutintinnus tubulosus (Ostenfeld, 1899) Kofoid & Campbell, 1939 Ciliophora
Evadne nordmanni Lovén, 1836 Artropoda / Crustacea
Favella denticulata (Ehrenberg) Jörgensen, 1927 Ciliophora
Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924; with epilorica Ciliophora
Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924. Specimen 4 Ciliophora
Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924. Specimen 5 Ciliophora
Favella ehrenbergii (Claparède & Lachmann, 1858) Jörgensen, 1924. Specimens 1 – 3 Ciliophora
Fritillaria pellucida (Busch, 1851) Chordata
Frontonia leucas (Ehrenberg, 1833) Ehrenberg, 1838. Specimen 1-2 Ciliophora
Frontonia leucas (Ehrenberg, 1833) Ehrenberg, 1838. Specimen 3 Ciliophora
Gastrula of a echinoderm Echinodermata
Gastrula of a echinoderm. Specimen 2 Echinodermata
Globigerina sp. Foraminifera
Gnathia sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Gnathia sp. Zuphea stage Artropoda/Crustacea
Goette’s larva. Morphotype I Platyhelminthes
Goette’s larva. Morphotype II (specimen 1) Platyhelminthes
Goette’s larva. Morphotype II (specimen 2) Platyhelminthes
Goniopsyllus clausi Huys & Conroy-Dalton, 2000 Artropoda / Crustacea
Hoplitomella larva of Porifera Porifera
Hoplonemertean larva. Morphotype I Nemertea
Hoplonemertean larva. Morphotype II Nemertea
Hoplonemertean larva. Morphotype III. Specimen 1 Nemertea
Hoplonemertean larva. Morphotype III. Specimen 2 Nemertea
Hydrozoan planula Cnidaria
Juvenil of a flatworm. Morphotype I Platyhelminthes
Juvenil of a flatworm. Morphotype II Platyhelminthes
Juvenil of a flatworm. Morphotype III Platyhelminthes
Juvenile (1-setiger) of Ophryotrocha sp. Annelida
Juvenile (3-setiger) of Ophryotrocha sp. Annelida
Juvenile of Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) Annelida
Juvenile of Tomopteris helgolandica Greef, 1879. Specimen 1 Annelida
Juvenile of Tomopteris helgolandica Greef, 1879. Specimen 2 Annelida
Kato larva. Morphotype I Platyhelminthes
Kato larva. Morphotype II Platyhelminthes
Kofoidinium sp. Myzozoa
Lanice conchilega  (Pallas, 1766). Specimen 2 Annelida
Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766). Specimen 3 Annelida
Larva (chaetiger stage) of Scolelepis sp. Annelida
Larva of Ascidiella sp. Chordata/Tunicata
Larva of Dipolydora flava (Claparède, 1870) Annelida
Larva of Magelona filiformis Wilson, 1959 Annelida
Larva of Polygordius sp. Early stage Annelida
Larva of Polygordius sp. Late stage. Specimen 1 Annelida
Larva of Polygordius sp. Late stage. Specimen 2 Annelida
Larva of Protodrilus Annelida
Larva of Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806). Specimen 1 Annelida
Larva of Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806). Specimen 2 Annelida
Larva of Tubulanus sp. Morphotype I Nemertea
Larva of Tubulanus sp. Morphotype II Nemertea
Lizzia blondina Forbes, 1848 Cnidaria
Metatrochophore (early stage) of Phyllodoce mucosa Örsted, 1843 Annelida
Metatrochophore (late stage) of Phyllodoce mucosa Örsted, 1843 Annelida
Metatrochophore (late stage) of Phyllodoce sp. Annelida
Metatrochophore larva of a trumpet worm. Morphotype I Annelida
Metatrochophore larva of Magelona sp. Morphotype III Anellida
Metatrochophore larva of Nepthys Annelida
Metatrochophore larvae (later stage) of a capitellid worm Annelida
Metatrochophore of a ragworm Annelida
Metatrochophore of Glycera alba (O.F. Müller, 1776) Annelida
Microniscus, larval stage of epicaridean isopods. Morphotype I Artropoda / Crustacea
Microniscus, larval stage of epicaridean isopods. Morphotype II Artropoda / Crustacea
Microsetella norvegica (Boeck, 1865). Specimen 2 Artropoda / Crustacea
Microsetella norvegica (Boeck, 1865). Specimen I Artropoda / Crustacea
Microsetella rosea (Dana, 1847) Artropoda / Crustacea
Mitraria larva. Morphotype I (Specimen 1). Annelida
Mitraria larva. Morphotype I (Specimen 2) Annelida
Mitraria larva. Morphotype II Annelida
Mitraria larva. Morphotype III Annelida
Monstrilla aff. helgolandica Claus, 1863 Artropoda/Crustacea
Muggiaea atlantica Cunningham, 1892 Cnidaria
Müller larva. Morphotype II (1) Platyhelminthes
Müller larva. Morphotype II (2) Platyhelminthes
Müller larva. Morphotype III Platyhelminthes
Myrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) Annelida
Myrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887) Annelida
Myrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887). Specimen 2 Annelida
Nassellaria -Radiozoa- Radiozoa
Nassula cf. aurea Ehrenberg, 1833. Ciliophora
Nauplius larva. Morphotype 1 Artropoda / Crustacea
Nauplius larva. Morphotype II Artropoda / Crustacea
Nauplius larva. Morphotype III Artropoda / Crustacea
Nauplius NVI of Balanus crenatus Bruguière, 1789 Artropoda/Crustacea
Nectochaeta of a mason worm Annelida
Nectochaeta of Glycera alba (O.F. Müller, 1776) Annelida
Nectochaete (8-setiger) of a glycerid Annelida
Nectochaete (early) of a ragworm Annelida
Nectochaete larva of a Glycerid worm Annelida
Nectochaete larva of a ragworm. Specimen 1 Annelida
Nectochaete larva of Magelona mirabilis (Johnston, 1865). Specimen 1 Annelida
Nectochaete larva of Magelona mirabilis (Johnston, 1865). Specimen 2 Annelida
Nectochaete larva of Magelona sp. Morphotype I Annelida
Nectochaete of Nereis pelagica Linnaeus, 1758 Annelida
Nectochaete of Nereis sp. Annelida
Nectochaete of Spirobranchus triqueter (Linnaeus, 1758). Annelida
Nectochete larva of a scale-worm Annelida
Nectosoma stage of Poecilochaetus Annelida
Nemertodermatida. Morphotype I Xenacoelomorpha
Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 Myzozoa
Normanella sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Oikopleura (Vexillaria) dioica Fol, 1872. Specimen 1 Chordata
Oikopleura (Vexillaria) dioica Fol, 1872. Specimen 2 Chordata
Oikopleura (Vexillaria) parva Lohmann, 1896 Chordata
Oikopleura sp. Morphotype I Chordata
Oikopleura Sp. Morphotype II Chordata
Oithona fallax Farran, 1913 Artropoda/Crustacea
Oithona fallax Farran, 1913. And embryos Artropoda / Crustacea
Oithona nana Giesbrecht, 1893. Specimen 1 Artropoda / Crustacea
Oithona nana Giesbrecht, 1893. Specimen 2 Artropoda / Crustacea
Oncaea sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Oncaea sp. Precopula Crustacea
Oncaea sp. Specimen 2 Crustacea
Oncaea sp., copepodid Artropoda / Crustacea
Opechona cf. bacillaris inside Corynidae Platyhelminthes
Ophiopluteus (metamorphosis) of Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus compressus larva of Ophiura robusta (Ayres, 1852) Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus of Ophiactis balli (W. Thompson, 1840) Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus of Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard in O.F. Müller, 1789) Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus of Ophiura albida Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus, Claparèdei stage Echinodermata
Ophiopluteus, Metschnikofii stage Echinodermata
Paleonemertean larva. Morphotype I Nemertea
Paleonemertean larva. Morphotype III Nemertea
Paleonemertean larva. Morphotype IV Nemertea
Paleonemertean larva. Morphotype IV Nemertea
Paracalanus parvus (Claus, 1863). Specimen 1 Artropoda / Crustacea
Parasagitta elegans (Verrill, 1873). Specimen 1 Chaetognatha
Parasagitta elegans (Verrill, 1873). Specimen 2 Chaetognatha
Parenchymula larva of Porifera: Morphotype I Porifera
Parenchymula larva of Porifera: Morphotype II Porifera
Parenchymula larva of Porifera: Morphotype III Porifera
Pelagobia sp. Annelida
Pelagosphera larva Sipuncula
Peltidium purpureum Philippi, 1839 Artropoda / Crustacea
Peltidium sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Pentactula larva, early stage -Holothuroidea- Echinodermata
Peritromus sp. Morphotype I Ciliophora
Phalacrophorus pictus Greeff, 1879 Annelida
Phyllostaurus echinoides (Claparède, 1855) Radiozoa
Phyllothalestris mysis (Claus, 1863) Artropoda / Crustacea
Pilidium aff. magnum Nemertea
Pilidium auriculatum larva of Hubrechtella spp. Morphotype I Nemertea
Pilidium auriculatum larva of Hubrechtella spp. Morphotype II Nemertea
Pilidium gyrans larva. Specimen 1 Nemertea
Pilidium gyrans larva. Specimen II Nemertea
Pilidium gyrans larva. Specimen III Nemertea
Pilidium larva of either Micrura or Cerebratulus sp. Specimen 1 Nemertea
Pilidium larva of either Micrura or Cerebratulus sp. Specimen 2 Nemertea
Pilidium larva of Lineus sp. Nemertea
Pilidium larva. Specimen 3 Nemertea
Pilidium recurvatum larva of Riserius spp. Specimen 1 Nemertea
Pilidium recurvatum larva of Riserius spp. Specimen 2 Nemertea
Pleopis polyphaemoides (Leuckart, 1859) Artropoda / Crustacea
Pleurobrachia pileus (O. F. Müller, 1776). Specimen 2 Ctenophora
Pluteus larva metamorphosis Echinodermata
Pluteus larva. Morphotype I Echinodermata
Pluteus larva. Morphotype II Echinodermata
Podon aff. intermedius Lilljeborg, 1853 Artropoda/Crustacea
Polydora hermaphroditica Hannerz, 1956 Annelida
Proceraea cornuta (Agassiz, 1862) Annelida
Prorodon sp. Ciliophora
Rabditophoran. Morphotype I Platyhelminthes
Rhabdonella spiralis (Fol, 1881). Specimen 1 Ciliophora
Rhabdonella spiralis (Fol, 1881). Specimen 2 Ciliophora
Salvatoria limbata (Claparède, 1868). Specimen 2 Annelida
Salvatoria limbata (Claparède, 1868). Specimen I Anellida
Sarsia sp.  (Sarsia tubulosa (M. Says, 1835) ?) Cnidaria
Scanning a leptoplanid cocoon Platyhelminthes
scidian embryo Chordata / Tunicata
Scomber eggs Chordata
Scomber larva. Specimen 1 Chordata
Scomber larva. Specimen 2 Chordata
Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 1 Chordata
Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 2 Chordata
Solmundella bitentaculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) Cnidaria
Spadella cephaloptera (Busch, 1851) Chaetognatha
Stauridiosarsia gemmifera (Forbes, 1848). Specimen I Cnidaria
Stauridiosarsia gemmifera (Forbes, 1848). Specimen II Cnidaria
Stenosemella steinii Jörgensen, 1912 Ciliophora
Sticholonche zanclea Hertwig, 1877 Radiozoa
Symsagittifera roscoffensis (Graff, 1891) Xenacoelomorpha
Synchaeta littoralis Rousselet, 1902 Rotifera
Synchaeta littoralis Rousselet, 1902. Specimen 2 Rotifera
Synchaeta vorax Rousselet, 1902 Rotifera
Tadpole larva of ascidian Chordata
Thalestris longimana Claus, 1863 Artropoda / Crustacea
Tiarina fusus Bergh, 1881. Specimen 1 Ciliophora
Tiarina fusus Bergh, 1881. Specimen 2 Ciliophora
Tintinnopsis campanula / buetschlii. Morphotype I Ciliophora
Tintinnopsis campanula / buetschlii. Morphotype II Ciliophora
Tintinnopsis cylindrica Daday, 1887 Ciliophora
Tintinnopsis tocantinensis Kofoid & Campbell, 1929 Ciliophora
Tisbe sp. Artropoda/Crustacea
Tornaria larva -Enteropneusta- Hemichordata
Trichimella larva of Porifera: Morphotype I Porifera
Trichocerca aff. marina (Daday, 1890) Rotifera
Trochophore (early) of a ragworm Annelida
Trochophore larva (L3 stage) of Chaetopteridae Annelida
Trochophore larva of a chiton (early stage). Morphotype I (specimen 1) Mollusca
Trochophore larva of a chiton (early stage). Morphotype I (specimen 2) Mollusca
Trochophore larva of a chiton (early stage). Morphotype III Mollusca
Trochophore larva of a chiton. Morphotype II Mollusca
Trochophore larva of a polynoid worm Annelida
Trochophore larva of spionid worm. Specimen 1 Annelida
Trochophore larva of spionid worm. Specimen 2 Annelida
Trochophore larva of spionid worm. Specimen 3 Annelida
Trochophore larva of spionid worm. Specimen 4 Annelida
Trochophore of Scoloplos Annelida
Trochophore of Spirobranchus triqueter (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 1 Annelida
Trochophore of Spirobranchus triqueter (Linnaeus, 1758). Specimen 2 Annelida
Undella hyalina Daday, 1887 parasitized by Bubosquella (Dinoflagellata) Ciliophora
Veliger larva -Gastropoda-. Specimen 1 Mollusca
Zanclea cf. sessilis (Gosse, 1853) Cnidaria
Zaus sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Zoea I larva of Processa sp. Artropoda / Crustacea
Zoothamnium alternans Claparède & Lachmann, 1859 Ciliophora
Zoothamnium cf. alternans Claparède & Lachmann, 1859 Ciliophora
Zoothamnium pelagicum Du Plessis, 1891. Specimen 1 Ciliophora
Zoothamnium pelagicum Du Plessis, 1891. Specimen 2 Ciliophora